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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Vaginismus: Treatment & Monitoring
      Category : Health Centers > Reproductive System


Alternate Names : Vaginal Muscle Spasms

Vaginismus | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What are the treatments for the condition?

Treatment usually involves counseling to get at the root psychological cause for the vaginismus. Some experts use a program that slowly makes it easier to relax vaginal muscles so that the vagina opens up. A reputable sex therapist or gynecologist familiar with the problem may suggest:

  • placing the woman's fingers or her partner's fingers in the vagina and learning to relax.
  • placing dilators of increasing size into the vagina daily. Over many weeks this helps open up the vagina and relax the muscles.
  • seeking sex therapy with a goal of having intercourse and a healthy, satisfying sexual relationship. Sessions may involve education about female and male anatomy, how sexual response works, and common myths about sex. If a phobia exists, hypnosis and relaxation techniques may be useful, too. Success rates are high. Within 10 to 15 sessions, about 90% of women with vaginismus respond to therapy.
  • What are the side effects of the treatments?

    Until a woman is able to relax her muscles, using dilators in the vagina may be uncomfortable and irritating. Therapy may uncover difficult issues that could trigger deep depression or anxiety.

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    Vaginismus: Prevention & Expectations


    Author: Eva Martin, MD
    Reviewer: Sandy Keefe, RN, MSN
    Date Reviewed: 09/11/01

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