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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Anaphylaxis: Treatment & Monitoring
      Category : Health Centers > Allergies


Alternate Names : Anaphylactic Shock

Anaphylaxis | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What are the treatments for the disease?

Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency. The emergency medical system should be contacted immediately.

Anaphylaxis is treated by a shot of epinephrine given under the skin or into the muscle. The dose can be repeated depending on how the person responds. Other medicines used to treat anaphylaxis include the following:

  • antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine
  • bronchodilators, such as albuterol
  • corticosteroids, such as methylprednisolone
  • H2-receptor blockers, such as cimetidine
  • Oxygen and intravenous fluids are given. If breathing becomes difficult, a tube may need to be inserted to help the person breath.

    What are the side effects of the treatments?

    Many of the medicines used to treat anaphylaxis cause a rapid heartbeat and increased blood pressure. However, these side effects are minimal when compared to the often-fatal outcome of anaphylaxis.

    What happens after treatment for the disease?

    Someone who experiences anaphylaxis should work with the healthcare provider to identify his or her triggers. A medical bracelet that states what the person is allergic to should be worn at all times. People with severe allergies may carry either an Epi-Pen or an Ana-Kit. These are devices containing epinephrine to prevent anaphylaxis. The devices can be used by the person or a bystander to inject the medicine.

    How is the disease monitored?

    Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency. The emergency medical system should be contacted immediately if symptoms recur.

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    Anaphylaxis: Prevention & Expectations


    Author: Minot Cleveland, MD
    Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 05/22/01

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