What are the treatments for the condition?
Removal of the gallbladder with surgery is the preferred treatment for cholecystitis. Surgery may be needed right away or delayed for several weeks in some cases. Since the early 1990s, this surgery has usually been done with laparoscopy. This procedure is a type of less invasive surgery that leaves smaller scars than regular surgery. Laparoscopy involves inserting a small viewing tube through the skin of the abdomen into the abdominal cavity. The viewing tube is equipped with tiny surgical tools that can be used to remove the gallbladder.
In severe cases, the procedure may need to be done with regular surgery, which leaves a larger scar. Treating gallstones without surgery is done rarely for those who cannot tolerate an operation. This may involve dissolving diets, medicines to reduce inflammation, and special sound waves to break up gallstones.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
Surgery may cause bleeding, infection, and allergic reaction to anesthesia. Some people may notice more frequent bowel movements for a short time after surgery.
What happens after treatment for the condition?
Gallstones may recur after they are dissolved with medicines or destroyed with ultrasound. Surgery is usually more successful.
How is the condition monitored?
Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the healthcare provider.