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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Choriocarcinoma: Treatment & Monitoring
      Category : Health Centers > Cancers and Tumors


Choriocarcinoma | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What are the treatments for the disease?

Treatment of choriocarcinoma can be very effective, particularly in its early stages. Chemotherapy is given because the cancer is usually widespread by the time it is diagnosed. The chemotherapy medicines are introduced into the bloodstream and are delivered throughout the body. The treatment requires large doses of medicine to be effective.

When the cancer has spread to the brain, radiation therapy may be given to the brain. Unfortunately, choriocarcinoma that has spread to the brain or the liver is very hard to treat.

What are the side effects of the treatments?

The side effects of chemotherapy depend on the medicines used. Most side effects can be managed and go away when treatment ends. A woman who has been successfully treated for choriocarcinoma after a molar pregnancy may be able to have a normal pregnancy later.

What happens after treatment for the disease?

The person will be closely followed to make sure the cancer does not recur. If the cancer does not respond to therapy, the person will be closely followed for responses while other therapies are tried.

How is the disease monitored?

Blood samples are taken on a regular basis to measure the level of beta-HCG. An increase in the level could indicate the cancer has come back. CT scans may also be done to measure the response of the tumor to treatment or to check for recurrence.

If the treatment is successful, monitoring can be done less often. Many women are successfully cured of this cancer. Men with this form of testicular cancer do not respond as well to treatment.

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Choriocarcinoma: Prevention & Expectations


Author: Miriam P. Rogers, EdD, RN, AOCN, CNS
Reviewer: Gail Hendrickson, RN, BS
Date Reviewed: 02/11/02

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