What are the treatments for the disease?
Treatment of choriocarcinoma can be very effective,
particularly in its early stages. Chemotherapy
is given because the cancer is usually widespread by the time it
is diagnosed. The chemotherapy medicines are introduced into the
bloodstream and are delivered throughout the body. The treatment
requires large doses of medicine to be effective.
When the cancer has spread to the brain,
may be given to the brain. Unfortunately, choriocarcinoma that
has spread to the brain or the liver is very hard to treat.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
The side effects of chemotherapy depend on the
medicines used. Most side effects can be managed and go away when
treatment ends. A woman who has been successfully treated for
choriocarcinoma after a molar pregnancy
may be able to have a normal pregnancy
What happens after treatment for the disease?
The person will be closely followed to make sure the
cancer does not recur. If the cancer does not respond to therapy,
the person will be closely followed for responses while other
therapies are tried.
How is the disease monitored?
Blood samples are taken on a regular basis to measure the
level of beta-HCG.
An increase in the level could indicate the cancer has come back.
may also be done to measure the response of the tumor to
treatment or to check for recurrence.
If the treatment is successful, monitoring can be done
less often. Many women are successfully cured of this cancer. Men
with this form of testicular cancer
do not respond as well to treatment.