What are the treatments for the symptom?
The underlying cause of the cough should be treated if possible. Medications such as dextromethorphan or codeine can be used to suppress a cough. Persons with a tumor or cancer may need surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy. Those who have a lung infection may need antibiotics.
Persons with asthma or emphysema may need medications to reduce the inflammation in the lungs and to help open the airways. Individuals taking ACE inhibitors for high blood pressure may need a different type of medication.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
Medications used to treat coughing may cause drowsiness, stomach upset, or allergic reactions. Surgery may cause bleeding, infection, or allergic reaction to anesthesia.
What happens after treatment for the symptom?
A person with asthma or emphysema may need treatment for life. Persons with infections such as acute bronchitis may need no further treatment or monitoring after they recover.
How is the symptom monitored?
An individual can monitor his or her cough and how it is responding to treatment. Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the healthcare provider.