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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Esophageal Cancer: Prevention & Expectations
      Category : Health Centers > Cancers and Tumors

Esophageal Cancer

Alternate Names : Cancer of the Esophagus

Esophageal Cancer | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What can be done to prevent the disease?

The best way to prevent esophageal cancer is to avoid tobacco and alcohol.

People who have Barrett's esophagus need aggressive treatment of their GERD to prevent esophageal cancer. Treatment for GERD may include the following:

  • fundoplication, a surgical procedure that strengthens the esophageal sphincter
  • GI stimulants that empty the stomach faster, such as metoclopramide
  • H2 blockers, such as cimetidine, ranitidine, and famotidine
  • proton pump inhibitors, such as omeprazole, lansoprazole, or rabeprazole
  • People with Barrett's esophagus may have regular endoscopies, which use a lighted tube to examine the esophagus. Biopsies, which involve removing a small piece of tissue, are sometimes needed. These screenings may detect an esophageal cancer early, when it is most treatable.

    What are the long-term effects of the disease?

    Esophageal cancer is a deadly disease. The 5-year survival rate is poor, even with aggressive treatment. It often recurs, despite surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

    What are the risks to others?

    Esophageal cancer is not contagious. It poses no risk to others.

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    Esophageal Cancer: Diagnosis & Tests


    Esophageal Cancer: Treatment & Monitoring

    Author: Thomas Fisher, MD
    Reviewer: Adam Brochert, MD
    Date Reviewed: 07/27/01

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