3-rx.comCustomer Support
HomeAbout UsFAQContactHelp
News Center
Health Centers
Medical Encyclopedia
Drugs & Medications
Diseases & Conditions
Medical Symptoms
Med. Tests & Exams
Surgery & Procedures
Injuries & Wounds
Diet & Nutrition
Special Topics

\"$alt_text\"');"); } else { echo"\"$alt_text\""; } ?>

You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Hepatitis A: Prevention & Expectations
      Category : Health Centers > Digestive System

Hepatitis A

Alternate Names : Hepatovirus Infection

Hepatitis A | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What can be done to prevent the infection?

To prevent the infection, a person should:

  • eat only properly prepared food and drink clean water
  • wash hands well after using the toilet or diapering a child
  • have an injection of serum immunoglobulin if exposed to the virus
  • have the hepatitis A vaccine if he or she is in a high-risk group. The vaccine is usually given in 2 injections that are 6 to 12 months apart. Both immunoglobulin and hepatitis A vaccine can safely be given together.
  • Anyone exposed to hepatitis A is immune for life.

    What are the long-term effects of the infection?

    For most people, hepatitis A clears up and there are no long-term problems. Rarely, there are long-term problems such as:

  • acute fulminant liver failure, a serious complication that can be lethal or can require a liver transplant
  • aplastic anemia, which is a bone marrow failure problem. It results in low blood cells including red cells, platelets, and white blood cells.
  • What are the risks to others?

    Anyone who comes into contact with a person with hepatitis A is at risk for the disease. It is most important that no one is exposed to the stool or urine of the infected person. Other bodily secretions are not likely to cause an infection.

    Finding the source and preventing additional exposure to that source also is very important. People with active hepatitis A need to wash their hands well after using the toilet. Infected people may need to take 1 to 4 weeks of time off from work. They also may need to report to their local health department.

    Previous section


    Next section

    Hepatitis A: Diagnosis & Tests


    Hepatitis A: Treatment & Monitoring

    Author: Thomas Fisher, MD
    Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 07/13/01

    \"$alt_text\"');"); } else { echo"\"$alt_text\""; } ?>

    Home | About Us | FAQ | Contact | Advertising Policy | Privacy Policy | Bookmark Site