Alternate Names : Nephrolithiasis, Urolithiasis, Urinary Calculi
What can be done to prevent the condition?
Maintaining a high fluid intake is the most important step an individual can take to avoid this problem. People with a history of kidney stones should drink enough fluid to produce at least 2 liters, or about 2 quarts, of urine each day.
What are the long-term effects of the condition?
Serious complications are unusual. Most urinary stones require treatment simply because of the intense pain that the stones cause. Following are some of the serious complications of kidney stones:
kidney damage due to blockage over a long period of time
systemic or whole body infection
a urinary fistula, which is an abnormal connection between the urinary system and some other organ in the body
What are the risks to others?
Kidney stones are not contagious and pose no risk to others.