Peptic Ulcer Disease
Alternate Names : Gastric Ulcer, Stomach Ulcer, Duodenal Ulcer
What are the treatments for the condition?
Treatment of peptic ulcer disease depends on the cause. If aspirin or other medicines are the cause, then these medicines must be stopped. Smoking and alcohol should be stopped as well, because they can delay healing. Medicines are given to help protect the stomach lining and allow faster healing. Most of these medicines work by neutralizing stomach acid or preventing it from being made. If an infection with a bacteria called H pylori is present, antibiotics are given. Surgery may be needed for severe ulcers that bleed, don't respond to medicine, or cause a hole in the gut.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
Medications used to treat peptic ulcers may cause allergic reactions or rash. Surgery can cause bleeding, infection, or allergic reaction to anesthesia.
What happens after treatment for the condition?
With proper diagnosis and treatment, peptic ulcer disease can often be cured. A cure means that there is complete healing of the ulcer. However, if ulcers are severe or complications occur, surgery may be needed in the future.
How is the condition monitored?
A follow-up X-ray test or endoscopy can confirm that an ulcer is healed. Endoscopy can rule out stomach cancer , which sometimes causes an ulcer. A breath test can confirm the cure of a bacterial infection. Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the healthcare provider.