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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Treatment & Monitoring
      Category : Health Centers > Reproductive System

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Alternate Names : Stein-Leventhal Syndrome, Polycystic Ovarian Disorder, Hyperandrogenic Chronic Anovulation

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What are the treatments for the disease?

There are many ways to treat polycystic ovarian syndrome, depending on a woman's symptoms. Treatment can include:

  • bleaching, electrolysis, waxing, and other cosmetic treatment of unwanted hair
  • diet and exercise for weight loss
  • infertility treatments
  • oral contraceptives and progesterone to regulate menstrual periods and reduce male hormone levels
  • spironolactone, a mild diuretic that blocks the effects of male hormones
  • surgery, such as ovarian wedge resection or ovarian drilling
  • Newer treatments focus on lowering insulin levels in the blood. This may help reduce the production of male hormones. It may also lessen the symptoms of PCOS. Metformin is one medicine that has been used for this.

    What are the side effects of the treatments?

    Surgery may cause bleeding, infection, and allergic reaction to anesthesia. Medicine side effects will vary, but they include allergic reactions.

    What happens after treatment for the disease?

    The symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome can often be managed over time with proper treatment.

    How is the disease monitored?

    A woman's healthcare provider will monitor her condition with regular pelvic exams and other tests. Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the healthcare provider.

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    Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Prevention & Expectations


    Author: Barbara Mallari, RN, BSN, PHN
    Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 08/01/01

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