Alternate Names : Impaired Glucose Tolerance, Impaired Fasting Glucose, IGT, IFG
What are the treatments for the condition?
Modest lifestyle changes such as healthy eating, weight loss,
and modest daily exercise are the main treatments for this condition. The
following guidelines may help:
Lose a modest amount of weight. Experts recommend that most people lose
5 to 10 percent of their total body weight. Even a loss of just 10 to 15 pounds can
make a big difference.
Increase the level of physical activity. Moderate exercise, such as walking,
for 30 minutes a day at least 5 days a week can help lower blood glucose
levels and can help with weight loss.
Follow healthy eating habits. This will help lower heart disease risk factors and
will make it easier to lose weight.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
There are no side effects from making the lifestyle changes that
will help treat pre-diabetes.
What happens after treatment for the condition?
For some people who have pre-diabetes, making these changes can
actually turn back the clock and return high blood glucose levels to a healthy range.
How is the condition monitored?
The FPG or OGTT test should be repeated at least every 1 to 2 years as
long as a person still has pre-diabetes. If blood glucose levels fall back within
the healthy range, then testing can be done every 3 years.