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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Pre-Diabetes: Treatment & Monitoring


Alternate Names : Impaired Glucose Tolerance, Impaired Fasting Glucose, IGT, IFG

Pre-Diabetes | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What are the treatments for the condition?

Modest lifestyle changes such as healthy eating, weight loss, and modest daily exercise are the main treatments for this condition. The following guidelines may help:

  • Lose a modest amount of weight. Experts recommend that most people lose 5 to 10 percent of their total body weight. Even a loss of just 10 to 15 pounds can make a big difference.
  • Increase the level of physical activity. Moderate exercise, such as walking, for 30 minutes a day at least 5 days a week can help lower blood glucose levels and can help with weight loss.
  • Follow healthy eating habits. This will help lower heart disease risk factors and will make it easier to lose weight.
  • What are the side effects of the treatments?

    There are no side effects from making the lifestyle changes that will help treat pre-diabetes.

    What happens after treatment for the condition?

    For some people who have pre-diabetes, making these changes can actually turn back the clock and return high blood glucose levels to a healthy range.

    How is the condition monitored?

    The FPG or OGTT test should be repeated at least every 1 to 2 years as long as a person still has pre-diabetes. If blood glucose levels fall back within the healthy range, then testing can be done every 3 years.

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    Pre-Diabetes: Prevention & Expectations


    Author: Kathleen A. MacNaughton, RN, BSN
    Reviewer: Melinda Murray Ratini, DO
    Date Reviewed: 06/21/02

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