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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Scarlet Fever: Prevention & Expectations
      Category : Health Centers > Infections (Infectious Diseases)

Scarlet Fever

Alternate Names : Scarletina

Scarlet Fever | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What can be done to prevent the infection?

Early treatment of strep infections with antibiotics can prevent this condition. Scarlet fever was much more common before antibiotics were widely used. Avoiding contact with people with sore throats may also decrease the risk.

What are the long-term effects of the infection?

In most cases, there are no long-term effects. Rarely, kidney or heart damage may occur from the strep infection. These are known as poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, which affects the kidney, and rheumatic fever, which affects the heart. Both of these conditions permanently damage the body.

Following are some other possible long-term effects of scarlet fever:

  • hearing impairment
  • meningitis, an inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord
  • pneumonia, an infection of the lungs
  • What are the risks to others?

    Scarlet fever is contagious and poses a risk to others. It is best not to share drinking glasses or utensils with someone who has a strep infection. Frequent hand-washing can also help prevent spread of this infection.

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    Scarlet Fever: Diagnosis & Tests


    Scarlet Fever: Treatment & Monitoring

    Author: John Riddle
    Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 01/27/01

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