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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Tests and Exams > Sodium: Results and Values


Alternate Names : Serum Sodium, NA+, Lytes

Sodium | Preparation & Expectations | Results and Values

What do the test results mean?

The normal value for sodium in the blood is 136 to 146 mEq/liter. Sodium must stay in this range for all the cells in the body to function properly.

Sodium can become too high because of conditions including:

  • Dehydration
  • Conditions causing excessive urination
  • Severe vomiting or diarrhea
  • Severe burns
  • Many things can cause the sodium to become too low including:

  • Diuretics, also called water pills
  • Kidney disease
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Cirrhosis of the liver
  • Very high protein, triglycerides, or glucose in the blood

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    Sodium: Preparation & Expectations


    Author: Melinda Ratini, DO, MS
    Reviewer: Kathleen A. MacNaughton, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 06/18/02

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