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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Achilles Tendinitis
      Category : Health Centers > Bones, Joints, and Muscles

Achilles Tendinitis

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

Achilles tendinitis is an inflammation of the Achilles tendon, sometimes called the heel cord, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone.

What is going on in the body?

Achilles tendinitis is usually the result of an injury or tiny tears in the tendon fibers. Two types exist:

  • insertional, where the tendon attaches to the heel bone
  • noninsertional, which occurs slightly higher up the tendon
  • What are the causes and risks of the disease?

    Multiple factors may cause Achilles tendinitis. The most common is overuse of the tendon. Often, a sudden increase in training, running, mileage, or speed will bring on symptoms. Pressure from the hard back of an athletic shoe can irritate the tendon over the heel. Landing hard on the arch of the foot may contribute to the strain on the Achilles tendon.


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    Achilles Tendinitis: Symptoms & Signs

    Author: John A.K. Davies, MD
    Reviewer: Adam Brochert, MD
    Date Reviewed: 09/19/01

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