Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Alternate Names : FAS
What are the treatments for the condition?
There is no cure for defects caused by FAS. The problems with behavior and mental functioning may be only partly helped by medicines and special education. The child may need open heart surgery soon after birth to repair defects from congenital heart disease. Chronic ear infections may require medicines or insertion of ear tubes. Children with FAS often need long-term medical and educational help.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
Surgery may cause bleeding, infection, or allergic reaction to anesthesia. Children with behavior problems may need to be treated with medicines to control their behavior. These medicines may cause allergic reactions, stomach upset, and stunting of the child's growth.
What happens after treatment for the condition?
Treatment is often needed for long periods of time in affected children. It may never end in those with severe mental retardation or behavior problems. Others may have trouble succeeding in school, at work, or in relationships for the rest of their lives.
How is the condition monitored?
Children with FAS need careful monitoring so that treatment can be started as soon as problems are noticed. This will help to allow the highest level of functioning possible. Other monitoring depends on the specific problems a child has as a result of the mother's alcohol use. Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the healthcare provider.