3-rx.comCustomer Support
HomeAbout UsFAQContactHelp
News Center
Health Centers
Medical Encyclopedia
Drugs & Medications
Diseases & Conditions
Medical Symptoms
Med. Tests & Exams
Surgery & Procedures
Injuries & Wounds
Diet & Nutrition
Special Topics

\"$alt_text\"');"); } else { echo"\"$alt_text\""; } ?>

You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Surgeries and Procedures > Radical Neck Dissection
      Category : Health Centers > Cancers and Tumors

Radical Neck Dissection

Overview & Description | Preparation & Expectations | Home Care and Complications

A radical neck dissection is a procedure used to remove cancerous tumors from one side of the neck or upper airway. Almost all the lymph nodes and some of the muscles, tissues, veins, and nerves in this area are removed as well.

Who is a candidate for the procedure?

A person who has a cancerous tumor in the lymph nodes in the neck and upper airway is a candidate for this procedure.

How is the procedure performed?

The procedure is done under general anesthesia. This means that the person will be put to sleep with medications. An incision, or cut, is made under the chin towards the ear. Another incision is made at the bottom of the neck. A third incision is made down the middle of the neck. These three cuts form the shape of a sideways "H." Other incisions may also be made so the surgeon has a full view of the structures inside the neck. The skin is then spread open and the tissues underneath the skin are pulled away from the skin. The surgeon then removes the lymph glands from the neck and oral cavity.

In addition to the lymph nodes, there are three main structures that are removed from the neck area. These are:

  • the internal jugular vein
  • the accessory nerve
  • the sternocleidomastoid muscle
  • Any other veins, nerves, or muscles that are involved with the cancer are also removed. If the cancer has spread, it may be necessary to remove sections of the jaw and tongue. At times, it is also necessary to perform a tracheostomy. A tracheostomy is a surgically created opening through the neck into the trachea, or windpipe. The incision is closed with sutures, staples, or skin clips.


    Next section


    Radical Neck Dissection: Preparation & Expectations

    Author: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Reviewer: Gail Hendrickson, RN, BS
    Date Reviewed: 07/03/01

    \"$alt_text\"');"); } else { echo"\"$alt_text\""; } ?>

    Home | About Us | FAQ | Contact | Advertising Policy | Privacy Policy | Bookmark Site