Alternate Names : Thromboembolic State
A thromboembolism is a blood clot that forms and then breaks off
and travels through the bloodstream to another part of the body.
What is going on in the body?
When a person is cut or injured, the
blood clots, or clumps together. This helps to stop the bleeding. Blood may
sometimes clot when it is not supposed to, however. For example, a blood clot
may form inside a blood vessel or the heart.
A thromboembolism occurs when a blood clot breaks
off from where it has formed and travels through the bloodstream. Eventually,
the blood clot will get trapped inside a blood vessel that is too small to
let it pass. Blood is then unable to flow through this vessel. The lack of
blood flow can damage the body parts that normally receive blood from this
What are the causes and risks of the disease?
The blood clots that break off and form a thromboembolism can be caused by a number of disorders, including:
damage to the blood vessels or heart, which can occur from injury, surgery,
infections, heart attacks, and other
poor blood circulation, which can occur from severe congestive heart failure, severe varicose veins, and certain irregular heartbeats, called
lack of activity, which can occur during any prolonged illness, surgery,
travel, or injury
"thick" blood that has a tendency to form clots. This condition may occur
due to cancer, certain medications,
pregnancy, and some inherited