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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Viral Arthritis
      Category : Health Centers > Arthritis

Viral Arthritis

Alternate Names : Virus-Induced Arthritis

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

Viral arthritis is joint inflammation caused by a virus.

What is going on in the body?

A virus can affect a joint in two ways. A virus can directly infect a joint by invading its inside lining, called the synovium. The virus can also cause a bodywide immune system response, which can cause joint swelling and pain. In this case, the joint is attacked by the immune system, rather than the virus.

What are the causes and risks of the condition?

Common causes of viral arthritis include:

  • German measles, which is an infection caused by the rubella virus
  • HIV, the virus that causes AIDS
  • infection with hepatitis B
  • infection with human parvovirus, which causes fifth disease
  • mumps
  • some vaccinations, such as the MMR immunization
  • Other causes are also possible, though less common.


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    Viral Arthritis: Symptoms & Signs

    Author: John A.K. Davies, MD
    Reviewer: Melissa Sanders, PharmD
    Date Reviewed: 08/20/01

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