3-rx.comCustomer Support
HomeAbout UsFAQContactHelp
News Center
Health Centers
Medical Encyclopedia
Drugs & Medications
Diseases & Conditions
Medical Symptoms
Med. Tests & Exams
Surgery & Procedures
Injuries & Wounds
Diet & Nutrition
Special Topics

\"$alt_text\"');"); } else { echo"\"$alt_text\""; } ?>

You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Injuries and Wounds > Chemical Burns
      Category : Health Centers > Injuries and Safety

Chemical Burns

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

Chemical burns involve injury to a part of the body caused by short- or long-term exposure to a chemical substance. They are generally caused by acids or bases, which are caustic products that can cause damage on contact.

What are the causes and risks of the injury?

Chemical burns usually occur on the surface of the body, such as the skin or eyes. However, chemicals may also be inhaled or swallowed, causing lung or gut damage.

Acids used at home that can cause chemical burns are as follows:

  • acetic acid, used in dyes, hair wave neutralizers, and disinfectants
  • formic acid, used in airplane glue
  • hydrochloric acid, used in toilet bowl cleaners, metal cleaners, and soldering fluxes
  • hydrofluoric acid, used in rust removers, tile cleaners, and tanning
  • nitric acid, used in metal engraving
  • phosphoric acid, used in rustproofing, disinfectants, and detergents
  • sulfuric acid, used in drain cleaners, metal cleaners, and automobile battery fluid
  • Bases used at home that can cause chemical burns include the following:

  • ammonia and phosphates, used in detergents and cleaners
  • calcium hydroxide, used in mortar, plaster, and cement
  • calcium oxide, or lime, used in cement
  • silicates, used in detergents
  • sodium and calcium hypochlorite, used in pool chlorinating agents and household bleach
  • sodium carbonate, used in detergents
  • sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide, used in drain cleaners, oven cleaners, and denture cleaners


    Next section


    Chemical Burns: Symptoms & Signs

    Author: James Broomfield, MD
    Reviewer: Barbara Mallari, RN, BSN, PHN
    Date Reviewed: 08/10/01

    \"$alt_text\"');"); } else { echo"\"$alt_text\""; } ?>

    Home | About Us | FAQ | Contact | Advertising Policy | Privacy Policy | Bookmark Site