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Alternate Names : Dysmenorrhea. Menstrual cramps are the pain and cramping some women experience during their monthly periods. The term dysmenorrhea usually refers to pain and cramps severe enough to prevent normal activity






You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Chlamydia

Chlamydia

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease, or STD, caused by the organism Chlamydia trachomatis. Sexually transmitted disease refers to any contagious disease transmitted from one person to another during sexual contact.

What is going on in the body?

The organism Chlamydia trachomatis causes chlamydia infection. It infects the cells and causes a number of changes. The organism is usually passed from one partner to another during sexual intercourse. An infection can also be passed from an infected mother to her baby during birth.

Chlamydia infections most commonly involve the following parts of the body:

  • the urinary tract, cervix, or pelvis in women
  • the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the tip of the penis, in men
  • the rectum, if anal sex is practiced
  • the throat, if oral sex is practiced
  • the eyes or lungs in newborns who are exposed to the mother's chlamydia infection during delivery
  • What are the causes and risks of the infection?

    The organism that causes a chlamydia infection is usually passed from one partner to another during sexual intercourse. Any other intimate contact of the genitals, mouth, rectal area, or the sharing of sexual toys can transmit the organism from one individual to another.

    A person is at higher risk if he or she has more than one sexual partner or doesn't practice safer sex measures, such as using condoms.

    A newborn baby is at risk of chlamydia infection if the mother has a chlamydia infection involving the birth canal.


       

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    Chlamydia: Symptoms & Signs

    Author: Sandy Keefe, RN, MSN
    Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 07/13/01



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