Alternate Names : Inflammation of the Colon
Colitis is a general term that refers to the inflammation of the colon, or large intestine.
What is going on in the body?
Colitis causes the inside lining of the colon to become inflamed and irritated. This can lead to a number of symptoms, depending on the problem causing the colitis.
What are the causes and risks of the condition?
The most common causes of colitis include:
a change in the bacteria of the colon, which is often due to the use of antibiotics
damage to the colon from radiation therapy
infection, such as traveler's diarrhea
inflammatory bowel disease, an autoimmune disorder in which the body's immune system attacks the colon for unknown reasons
poor blood flow to the colon
side effects of medicines