Alternate Names : Cervical Cone Biopsy, Cervical Conization
A cone biopsy is a surgical procedure that involves taking a large tissue
sample from the cervix. The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus and
contains the opening from the uterus to the vagina. The tissue sample is called
Who is a candidate for the procedure?
A cone biopsy is used to detect
of the cervix or precancerous changes. A cone biopsy is usually
done after a woman has abnormal results from a Pap smear that has been done as
part of a
pelvic examination. A
smear is a test in which the provider uses a small spatula and a brush to
gently scrape cells from the woman's cervix. These cells are sent to a lab
for testing. The Pap smear may show early, abnormal, cancer-like changes in the
How is the procedure performed?
A cone biopsy is generally done under general anesthesia in
an operating room.
General anesthesia means medications are used to put
a person to sleep during a procedure so that no pain
is felt. A cone-shaped piece of tissue is removed from the cervix with a
special tool. A pathologist examines the sample under a microscope for abnormal
cells that indicate cervical cancer. The procedure often completely
removes the diseased tissue.