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You are here : 3-RX.com > Drugs & Medications > Detailed Drug Information (USP DI) > Antacids

Antacids (Oral)

Description and Brand Names | Before Using | Proper Use | Precautions | Side Effects

Category
  • Antacid - Alumina, Calcium Carbonate, and Sodium Bicarbonate; Alumina and Magnesia; Alumina, Magnesia, Calcium Carbonate, and Simethicone; Alumina, Magnesia, and Magnesium Carbonate; Alumina, Magnesia, Magnesium Carbonate, and Simethicone; Alumina, Magnesia, and Simethicone; Alumina, Magnesium Alginate, and Magnesium Carbonate; Alumina and Magnesium Carbonate; Alumina, Magnesium Carbonate, and Simethicone; Alumina, Magnesium Carbonate, and Sodium Bicarbonate; Alumina and Magnesium Trisilicate; Alumina, Magnesium Trisilicate, and Sodium Bicarbonate; Alumina and Simethicone; Alumina and Sodium Bicarbonate; Aluminum Carbonate, Basic; Aluminum Carbonate, Basic, and Simethicone; Aluminum Hydroxide; Calcium Carbonate; Calcium Carbonate and Magnesia; Calcium Carbonate, Magnesia, and Simethicone; Calcium Carbonate and Simethicone; Calcium and Magnesium Carbonates; Magaldrate; Magaldrate and Simethicone; Magnesium Carbonate and Sodium Bicarbonate; Magnesium Hydroxide; Magnesium Oxide
  • Antiurolithic (phosphate calculi) - Aluminum Carbonate, Basic; Aluminum Hydroxide
  • Laxative, hyperosmotic, saline - Magnesium Hydroxide; Magnesium Oxide
  • Antihyperphosphatemic - Aluminum Carbonate, Basic; Aluminum Hydroxide; Calcium Carbonate
  • Antihypocalcemic - Calcium Carbonate
  • Antiurolithic (calcium calculi) - Magnesium Hydroxide
Description

Antacids are taken by mouth to relieve heartburn, sour stomach, or acid indigestion. They work by neutralizing excess stomach acid. Some antacid combinations also contain simethicone, which may relieve the symptoms of excess gas. Antacids alone or in combination with simethicone may also be used to treat the symptoms of stomach or duodenal ulcers.

With larger doses than those used for the antacid effect, magnesium hydroxide (magnesia) and magnesium oxide antacids produce a laxative effect. The information that follows applies only to their use as an antacid.

Some antacids, like aluminum carbonate and aluminum hydroxide, may be prescribed with a low-phosphate diet to treat hyperphosphatemia (too much phosphate in the blood). Aluminum carbonate and aluminum hydroxide may also be used with a low-phosphate diet to prevent the formation of some kinds of kidney stones. Aluminum hydroxide may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

These medicines are available without a prescription. However, your doctor may have special instructions on the proper use and dose of these medicines for your medical problem. They are available in the following dosage forms:

    Oral
  • Alumina, Calcium Carbonate, and Sodium Bicarbonate
    • Oral suspension (Canada)
  • Alumina and Magnesia
    • Oral suspension (U.S. and Canada)
    • Tablets (Canada)
    • Chewable tablets (U.S. and Canada)
  • Alumina, Magnesia, Calcium Carbonate, and Simethicone
    • Chewable tablets (U.S.)
  • Alumina, Magnesia, and Magnesium Carbonate
    • Chewable tablets (Canada)
  • Alumina, Magnesia, Magnesium Carbonate, and Simethicone
    • Chewable tablets (Canada)
  • Alumina, Magnesia, and Simethicone
    • Oral suspension (U.S. and Canada)
    • Chewable tablets (U.S. and Canada)
  • Alumina, Magnesium Alginate, and Magnesium Carbonate
    • Oral suspension (Canada)
    • Chewable tablets (Canada)
  • Alumina and Magnesium Carbonate
    • Oral suspension (U.S.)
    • Chewable tablets (U.S.)
  • Alumina, Magnesium Carbonate, and Simethicone
    • Oral suspension (U.S.)
  • Alumina, Magnesium Carbonate, and Sodium Bicarbonate
    • Chewable tablets (U.S.)
  • Alumina and Magnesium Trisilicate
    • Chewable tablets (U.S.)
  • Alumina, Magnesium Trisilicate, and Sodium Bicarbonate
    • Chewable tablets (U.S.)
  • Alumina and Simethicone
    • Gel (U.S.)
  • Alumina and Sodium Bicarbonate
    • Chewable tablets (Canada)
  • Aluminum Carbonate, Basic
    • Capsules (U.S.)
    • Tablets (U.S.)
  • Aluminum Carbonate, Basic, and Simethicone
    • Oral suspension (U.S.)
  • Aluminum Hydroxide
    • Capsules (U.S. and Canada)
    • Oral suspension (U.S. and Canada)
    • Gel (U.S. and Canada)
    • Tablets (U.S. and Canada)
    • Chewable tablets (Canada)
  • Calcium Carbonate
    • Chewing gum (U.S.)
    • Lozenges (U.S.)
    • Oral suspension (U.S.)
    • Tablets (U.S.)
    • Chewable tablets (U.S. and Canada)
  • Calcium Carbonate and Magnesia
    • Oral suspension (Canada)
    • Tablets (U.S.)
    • Chewable tablets (U.S. and Canada)
  • Calcium Carbonate, Magnesia, and Simethicone
    • Oral suspension (Canada)
    • Chewable tablets (U.S. and Canada)
  • Calcium Carbonate and Simethicone
    • Oral suspension (U.S.)
    • Chewable tablets (U.S.)
  • Calcium and Magnesium Carbonates
    • Oral suspension (U.S.)
    • Tablets (U.S. and Canada)
  • Magaldrate
    • Oral suspension (U.S. and Canada)
    • Chewable tablets (Canada)
  • Magaldrate and Simethicone
    • Oral suspension (U.S. and Canada)
    • Chewable tablets (U.S. and Canada)
  • Magnesium Carbonate and Sodium Bicarbonate
    • Chewable tablets (Canada)
  • Magnesium Hydroxide
    • Milk of magnesia (U.S. and Canada)
    • Chewable tablets (U.S. and Canada)
  • Magnesium Oxide
    • Capsules (U.S.)
    • Tablets (U.S.)

Brand Names

Some commonly used brand names are:

In the U.S. -

  • Advanced Formula Di-Gel 29
  • Alamag 2
  • Alamag Plus 9
  • Alenic Alka 15
  • Alenic Alka Extra Strength 18
  • Alka-Mints 27
  • Alkets 27
  • Alkets Extra Strength 27
  • Almacone 9
  • Almacone II 9
  • AlternaGEL 21
  • Alu-Cap 25
  • Aludrox 9
  • Alu-Tab 25
  • Amitone 27
  • Amphojel 25
  • Antacid Gelcaps 31
  • Antacid Liquid 9
  • Antacid Liquid Double Strength 9
  • Basaljel 23
  • Calglycine 27
  • Chooz 27
  • Dicarbosil 27
  • Di-Gel 29
  • Equilet 27
  • Foamicon 19
  • Gaviscon 15
  • Gaviscon-2 20
  • Gaviscon Extra Strength Relief Formula 17
  • Gelusil 9
  • Genaton 15
  • Genaton Extra Strength 18
  • Kudrox Double Strength 9
  • Losopan 32
  • Losopan Plus 33
  • Lowsium Plus 33
  • Maalox 2
  • Maalox Antacid Caplets 31
  • Maalox Heartburn Relief Formula 14
  • Maalox Plus 9
  • Maalox Plus, Extra Strength 9
  • Maalox TC 2
  • Magnalox 9
  • Magnalox Plus 9
  • Mag-Ox 400 36
  • Mallamint 27
  • Maox 420 36
  • Marblen 31
  • Mi-Acid 10
  • Mi-Acid Double Strength 9
  • Mintox 2
  • Mintox Extra Strength 9
  • Mygel 9
  • Mygel II 9
  • Mylanta 11
  • Mylanta Double Strength 12
  • Mylanta Gelcaps 28
  • Nephrox 25
  • Phillips" 35
  • Phillips" Chewable 35
  • Phillips" Concentrated Double Strength 35
  • Riopan 32
  • Riopan Plus 33
  • Riopan Plus Double Strength 33
  • Rolaids 28
  • Rulox 2
  • Rulox No. 1 2
  • Rulox No. 2 2
  • Rulox Plus 9
  • Simaal Gel 9
  • Simaal 2 Gel 9
  • Tempo 4
  • Titralac 27
  • Titralac Extra Strength 27
  • Titralac Plus 30
  • Tums 27
  • Tums Anti-gas/Antacid 30
  • Tums E-X 27
  • Tums Ultra 27
  • Uro-Mag 36

In Canada -

  • Almagel 200 2
  • Alugel 25
  • Alu-Tab 25
  • Amphojel 25
  • Amphojel 500 2
  • Amphojel Plus 8
  • Basaljel 25
  • Diovol 6
  • Diovol Caplets 2
  • Diovol Ex 2
  • Diovol Plus 8
  • Diovol Plus AF 29
  • Gasmas 7
  • Gaviscon Acid Plus Gas Relief 29
  • Gaviscon Acid Relief 28
  • Gaviscon Extra Strength Acid Relief 28
  • Gaviscon Heartburn Relief 13
  • Gaviscon Heartburn Relief Extra Strength 13
  • Gelusil 2
  • Gelusil Extra Strength 2
  • Life Antacid 2
  • Life Antacid Plus 9
  • Maalox 2
  • Maalox Antacid Caplets 31
  • Maalox HRF 13
  • Maalox Plus 9
  • Maalox Plus, Extra Strength 9
  • Maalox TC 2
  • Mylanta 9
  • Mylanta Double Strength 9
  • Mylanta Double Strength Plain 2
  • Mylanta Extra Strength 9
  • Neutralca-S 2
  • Phillips" 35
  • PMS Alumina, Magnesia, and Simethicone 9
  • Rafton 3
  • Riopan 32
  • Riopan Extra Strength 32
  • Riopan Plus 33
  • Riopan Plus Extra Strength 33
  • Rolaids 28
  • Rolaids Extra Strength 28
  • Trial 27
  • Tums 27
  • Tums Extra Strength 27
  • Tums Ultra 27
  • Univol 2

Note:

For quick reference the following antacids are numbered to match the corresponding brand names.

This information applies to the following medicines:
1. Alumina, Calcium Carbonate, and Sodium Bicarbonate (a-LOO-mi-na, KAL-see-um KAR-bon-ate, and SOE-dee-um bi-KAR-bon-ate)*†‡
2. Aluminaand Magnesia (a-LOO-mi-na and mag-NEE-zha)‡§
3. Alumina, Calcium Carbonate, and Sodium Bicarbonate or Alumina, Magnesium Trisilicate,and Sodium Bicarbonate (a-LOO-mi-na, KAL-see-um KAR-bon-ate, and SOE-dee-um bi-KAR-bon-ate or a-LOO-mi-na,mag-NEE-zhum trye-SILL-i-kate, and SOE-dee-um bi-KAR-bon-ate)*†‡
4. Alumina, Magnesia, Calcium Carbonate, and Simethicone (a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zha, KAL-see-um KAR-bon-ate, andSi-METH-i-kone)
5. Alumina, Magnesia, and Magnesium Carbonate (a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zha, and mag-NEE-zhum KAR-bon-ate)
6. Alumina, Magnesia, and Magnesium Carbonate or Alumina,Magnesia, and Simethicone (a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zha, and mag-NEE-zhum KAR-bon-ate or a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zha,and Si-METH-i-kone)
7. Alumina, Magnesia, Magnesium Carbonate, and Simethicone (a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zha, mag-NEE-zhumKAR-bon-ate, and Si-METH-i-kone)
8. Alumina,Magnesia, Magnesium Carbonate, and Simethicone or Alumina, Magnesia, and Simethicone (a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zha, mag-NEE-zhumKAR-bon-ate, and Si-METH-i-kone or a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zha, and Si-METH-i-kone)
9. Alumina,Magnesia, and Simethicone (a-LOO-mi-na,mag-NEE-zha, and Si-METH-i-kone)‡§
10. Alumina, Magnesia, and Simethicone or Calcium and Magnesium Carbonates (a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zha, and Si-METH-i-koneor KAL-see-um and mag-NEE-zhum KAR-bon-ates)‡§
11. Alumina, Magnesia, and Simethicone or Calcium Carbonateor Calcium Carbonate and Magnesia (a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zha, and Si-METH-i-kone or KAL-see-um KAR-bon-ate orKAL-see-um KAR-bon-ate and mag-NEE-zha,)‡§
12. Alumina, Magnesia, and Simethicone or Calcium Carbonateand Magnesia (a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zha,and Si-METH-i-kone or KAL-see-um KAR-bon-ate and mag-NEE-zha,)‡§
13. Alumina, Magnesium Alginate, and Magnesium Carbonate (a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zhum al-JI-nate, and mag-NEE-zhumKAR-bon-ate)
14. Alumina and Magnesium Carbonate (a-LOO-mi-na and mag-NEE-zhum KAR-bon-ate)
15. Alumina and Magnesium Carbonate or Alumina, Magnesium Trisilicate, and SodiumBicarbonate (a-LOO-mi-na and mag-NEE-zhumKAR-bon-ate or a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zhum trye-SILL-i-kate, and SOE-dee-umbi-KAR-bon-ate)
16. Alumina, Magnesium Carbonate, and Simethicone (a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zhum KAR-bon-ate, and Si-METH-i-kone)
17. Alumina, Magnesium Carbonate, and Simethicone or Alumina, Magnesium Carbonate,and Sodium Bicarbonate (a-LOO-mi-na,mag-NEE-zhum KAR-bon-ate, and Si-METH-i-kone or a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zhumKAR-bon-ate, and SOE-dee-um bi-KAR-bon-ate)
18. Alumina, Magnesium Carbonate, and Sodium Bicarbonate (a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zhum KAR-bon-ate, and SOE-dee-um bi-KAR-bon-ate)
19. Alumina and Magnesium Trisilicate (a-LOO-mi-na and mag-NEE-zhum trye-SILL-i-kate)
20. Alumina, Magnesium Trisilicate, and Sodium Bicarbonate (a-LOO-mi-na, mag-NEE-zhum trye-SILL-i-kate, and SOE-dee-um bi-KAR-bon-ate)
21. Alumina and Simethicone (a-LOO-mi-na and Si-METH-i-kone)
22. Aluminaand Sodium Bicarbonate (a-LOO-mi-naand SOE-dee-um bi-KAR-bon-ate)
23. AluminumCarbonate, Basic (a-LOO-mi-num KAR-bon-ate, BA-sic)
24. AluminumCarbonate, Basic, and Simethicone (a-LOO-mi-num KAR-bon-ate, BA-sic, and Si-METH-i-kone)
25. Aluminum Hydroxide (a-LOO-mi-num hye-DROX-ide)‡§
26. Aluminum Hydroxide, Magnesium Carbonate, and SodiumBicarbonate (a-LOO-mi-num hye-DROX-ide, mag-NEE-zhum KAR-bon-ate, and SOE-dee-um bi-KAR-bon-ate)‡§
27. Calcium Carbonate (KAL-see-um KAR-bon-ate)‡
28. Calcium Carbonate and Magnesia (KAL-see-umKAR-bon-ate and mag-NEE-zha,)
29. CalciumCarbonate, Magnesia, and Simethicone (KAL-see-um KAR-bon-ate, mag-NEE-zha, and Si-METH-i-kone)
30. Calcium Carbonate and Simethicone (KAL-see-um KAR-bon-ate and Si-METH-i-kone)
31. Calcium and Magnesium Carbonates (KAL-see-um and mag-NEE-zhum KAR-bon-ates)
32. Magaldrate (MAG-al-drate)‡
33. Magaldrateand Simethicone (MAG-al-drate andSi-METH-i-kone)‡
34. Magnesium Carbonate and Sodium Bicarbonate ( mag-NEE-zhum KAR-bon-ate and SOE-dee-um bi-KAR-bon-ate)
35. Magnesium Hydroxide (mag-NEE-zhum hye-DROX-ide)‡§
36. MagnesiumOxide (mag-NEE-zhumOX-ide)
* Not commercially available in the U.S.
† Not commercially available in Canada
‡ Generic name product may be available in the U.S.
§ Generic name product may be available in Canada

   

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Antacids: Before Using



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Tacrolimus ( ta-KROE-li-mus) ointment is used for moderate to severe atopic dermatitis. This is a skin condition where there is itching, redness and inflammation, much like an allergic reaction





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