3-rx.comCustomer Support
HomeAbout UsFAQContactHelp
News Center
Health Centers
Medical Encyclopedia
Drugs & Medications
Diseases & Conditions
Medical Symptoms
Med. Tests & Exams
Surgery & Procedures
Injuries & Wounds
Diet & Nutrition
Special Topics

\"$alt_text\"');"); } else { echo"\"$alt_text\""; } ?>

You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Surgeries and Procedures > Hib Vaccine

Hib Vaccine

Alternate Names : Haemophilus Influenzae B Conjugate Vaccine, Haemophilus Influenzae Type B

Overview & Description | Preparation & Expectations | Home Care and Complications

This vaccine is given to prevent infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b, called Hib, bacteria. These bacteria grow in the upper airway of children and adults. Most of the time, they do not cause any problems. However, they can cause serious illnesses, such as:

  • bacterial meningitis, an infection of the lining of the brain and spinal cord
  • septic arthritis, an infection of the joints
  • cellulitis, an infection of the skin and tissue underneath it
  • bacteremia, a blood infection
  • pneumonia, or lung infection
  • epiglottitis, an infection of a portion of the voice box, known as the larynx
  • Before a Hib vaccine was made, there were about 20,000 Hib infections each year in the US, which caused up to 1,000 deaths. Hib was the most common cause of bacterial meningitis among children younger than age 5. The number of reported cases has dropped greatly since 1990. In 1995, there were only 259 cases reported.

    Who is a candidate for the procedure?

    Hib is one of the recommended childhood vaccines. Depending on the actual vaccine preparation used, a series of shots are usually given at ages:

  • 2 months
  • 4 months
  • 6 months
  • 12 to 15 months
  • The vaccine is not routinely recommended for children over age 5. There is very little Hib disease in children older than 2. If a child has never had this vaccine by the age of 15 months, only one shot is given at that time.

    How is the procedure performed?

    A shot of the vaccine is given in the muscle of the thigh or arm. The area is cleaned with an antibacterial swab before the shot.


    Next section


    Hib Vaccine: Preparation & Expectations

    Author: Gail Hendrickson, RN, BS
    Reviewer: Kathleen A. MacNaughton, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 12/16/02

    \"$alt_text\"');"); } else { echo"\"$alt_text\""; } ?>

    Home | About Us | FAQ | Contact | Advertising Policy | Privacy Policy | Bookmark Site