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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Recurring Urinary Tract Infection
      Category : Health Centers > Urinary System & Kidneys

Recurring Urinary Tract Infection

Alternate Names : Chronic Urinary Tract Infection, Recurrent UTI, Chronic UTI, Relapsing Urinary Tract Infection, Relapsing UTI, Chronic Cystitis

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

Recurring urinary tract infection (UTI) involves repeated infections of the kidneys or bladder even after proper treatment.

What is going on in the body?

UTIs are usually caused by bacteria. In most cases, the bacteria enter the body through the skin around the genitals and anal area. The bacteria travel up toward the bladder or kidneys. If the bacteria are not killed by the person's immune system, an infection can occur.

What are the causes and risks of the infection?

Recurrent UTIs can occur for many reasons, including:

  • problems with the immune system
  • the use of a urinary catheter to empty the bladder
  • abnormalities in kidneys, ureters, bladder or urethra can cause repeated infections. The ureters are tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. The urethra is a tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.
  • damage to part of the urinary system
  • sexual intercourse, which seems to trigger UTI in some women
  • poor hygiene, such as wiping from back to front after a bowel movement or not changing the underwear often.


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    Recurring Urinary Tract Infection: Symptoms & Signs

    Author: Adam Brochert, MD
    Reviewer: Gail Hendrickson, RN, BS
    Date Reviewed: 07/27/01

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