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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Smoking Cessation: Prevention & Expectations
      Category : Health Centers > Quitting Smoking

Smoking Cessation

Alternate Names : Quitting Smoking, Nicotine Withdrawal

Smoking Cessation | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What can be done to prevent the condition?

Once a person starts smoking, he or she quickly becomes addicted to nicotine. The key is to never start smoking. Antismoking campaigns can be effective in getting this message out.

What are the long-term effects of the condition?

There are typically no long-term effects from nicotine withdrawal. The most intense symptoms last only a few weeks. Craving for nicotine is the only symptom that persists longer than a month.

The health risks from the chemicals found in tobacco are enormous. Tobacco use can cause the following diseases:

  • chronic bronchitis
  • coronary artery disease and other forms of heart disease
  • emphysema
  • gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • lung cancer
  • Tobacco use can also cause the following conditions:

  • decreased life expectancy
  • erectile dysfunction, or impotence
  • gray hair and baldness
  • high blood pressure and circulation problems
  • infertility in men and women
  • osteoporosis and increased risk for bone fractures
  • premature wrinkles
  • weakened immune system
  • The good news is that the health damage caused by tobacco is preventable and may be reversible. Within 20 minutes of quitting, the healing begins. By year 15, the person's risk of heart disease and early death is almost the same as that of people who have never smoked. In addition, an individual's risk of dying from chronic bronchitis or emphysema decreases as long as he or she remains smoke free.

    An individual who quits smoking will have the following advantages:

  • circulation to the hands and feet will improve
  • food will taste better
  • general health will improve
  • risk for serious illness will decrease
  • sense of smell will improve
  • skin will look healthier
  • What are the risks to others?

    Smoking cessation poses no risk to others. In fact, it will reduce the amount of secondhand smoke that friends and family are exposed to.

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    Smoking Cessation: Diagnosis & Tests


    Smoking Cessation: Treatment & Monitoring

    Author: Ann Reyes, Ph.D.
    Reviewer: Gail Hendrickson, RN, BS
    Date Reviewed: 05/29/01

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