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Topiramate (toe-PYRE-a-mate) is used to help control some types of seizures in the treatment of epilepsy. This medicine cannot cure epilepsy and will only work to help control seizures for as long as you continue to take it.

You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Toenail Conditions
      Category : Health Centers > Skin, Hair, and Nails

Toenail Conditions

Alternate Names : Ingrown Toenail, Abnormal Nails, Black Toe, Runner's Toe, Toenail Infection

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

Toenail conditions can stem from many different sources. The most common cause of toenail problems is fungal infection. Other causes are abnormal growth, trauma, and skin conditions such as psoriasis.

What is going on in the body?

Toenail conditions are usually recognized when a person has pain or odd sensations while walking or exercising.

What are the causes and risks of the condition?

Different toenail conditions present different risks. These risks can range from chronic low-grade pain to life-threatening infection.

Fungal infections, bacterial infections, damage to the nail from injury and other illnesses within the body may cause nail problems. Skin conditions like psoriasis, which causes a flaking of the skin around the elbows and hairline, can first show up as thickened nails. Other possible causes include several rare dermatological problems.


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Toenail Conditions: Symptoms & Signs

Author: Bill O'Halloran, DPM
Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
Date Reviewed: 07/24/01

Alternate Names : Dysmenorrhea. Menstrual cramps are the pain and cramping some women experience during their monthly periods. The term dysmenorrhea usually refers to pain and cramps severe enough to prevent normal activity

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