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Alternate Names : Dysmenorrhea. Menstrual cramps are the pain and cramping some women experience during their monthly periods. The term dysmenorrhea usually refers to pain and cramps severe enough to prevent normal activity

You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Cognitive Impairment
      Category : Health Centers > Disabilities

Cognitive Impairment

Alternate Names : Cognitive Disorder, Cognitive Disability

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

A cognitive impairment means there is a change in how a person thinks, reacts to emotions, or behaves.

What is going on in the body?

A person can be born with a cognitive impairment. In this case, it is usually termed mental retardation. It may result from a birth injury, such as a lack of oxygen. It may also result from a defect as the baby was formed. A cognitive impairment also may occur later in life, following an injury or as part of a disease.

What are the causes and risks of the condition?

A cognitive impairment may be present when a child is born, which is known as mental retardation. It may also be the result of:

  • abuse of prescription medicines, chemicals, street drugs, or alcohol
  • a disease, such as Alzheimer disease
  • a side effect of some medicines
  • a trauma such as head injury
  • Frail, elderly people who are removed from a familiar setting often develop cognitive problems. This may occur when they go to a hospital because of illness or when they are moved to a nursing home. Depending on the cause, cognitive impairments may be temporary or permanent.


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    Cognitive Impairment: Symptoms & Signs

    Author: Karen Preston, PHN, MS, CRRN
    Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 09/25/01

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus, more often known as type 2 diabetes, is the most common type of diabetes

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