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Personality disorders are chronic mental disorders






You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Emotional Abuse
      Category : Health Centers > Abuse and Violence

Emotional Abuse

Alternate Names : Psychological Abuse, Mental Abuse, Verbal Abuse

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

Emotional abuse occurs when a person uses words or actions to make another person think less of himself or herself. It may be accompanied by physical abuse or sexual abuse.

What is going on in the body?

Emotional abusers control their victims in these ways:

  • Cause their victims to feel lonely and isolated. This is done by controlling what the victims do, what people they see and talk to, and where they go.
  • Cause their victims to have negative feelings about themselves or to feel degraded. This is done through insults, name-calling, making false accusations, and playing games with the victims' minds.
  • Make sure their victims are financially dependent on them. The abuser may control the finances so that the victim has little or no access to money. He or she also will prevent the victim from getting or keeping a job. The abuser may make the victim ask or beg for money.
  • Make their victims fear them by using violent looks or gestures or by destroying property.
  • What are the causes and risks of the condition?

    Emotional abuse usually occurs when one person wants power and control over another person. Emotional abuse can affect any age or gender. While there is no one type of person who is at risk for abuse, certain factors do put some people at greater risk. These risk factors are as follows:

  • being a drug or alcohol abuser or having a partner who is one
  • being a female, especially between the ages of 17 and 34
  • being in a marriage or relationship in which one person is more dominant than the other
  • being in the first 5 years of a marriage or a live-in relationship
  • being pregnant
  • being socially and emotionally isolated
  • being unemployed
  • dealing with poverty, money problems, poor housing conditions, and frequent moves

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    Next section

       

    Emotional Abuse: Symptoms & Signs

    Author: Elizabeth Smith, BA
    Reviewer: Gail Hendrickson, RN, BS
    Date Reviewed: 08/22/01



    Presbyopia is an eye condition in which the lens loses the ability to focus over time





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