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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Preeclampsia: Prevention & Expectations
      Category : Health Centers > Pregnancy and Childbirth


Alternate Names : Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension (PIH), Toxemia

Preeclampsia | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What can be done to prevent the condition?

There are no known ways to prevent preeclampsia. All pregnant women should have early prenatal care. Blood pressure changes should be watched closely.

What are the long-term effects of the condition?

Preeclampsia may cause pregnancy complications, including the following:

  • increased risk for cesarean section
  • intrauterine growth retardation, a lack of normal growth of the baby within the womb
  • placenta abruptio, or separation of the placenta from the uterine wall
  • premature labor
  • stillbirth
  • suffocation at birth, or asphyxia
  • Preeclampsia can also cause the following health problems that affect both mother and baby:

  • acute renal failure, or kidney failure
  • disseminated intravascular coagulation, or DIC, a clotting problem that causes widespread bleeding
  • eclampsia, with high blood pressure, coma, and seizures
  • HELLP syndrome, which includes liver and blood disorders
  • intracerebral hemorrhage and stroke
  • What are the risks to others?

    Preeclampsia is not contagious. Both mother and baby are at risk for complications of preeclampsia.

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    Preeclampsia: Diagnosis & Tests


    Preeclampsia: Treatment & Monitoring

    Author: Eva Martin, MD
    Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 05/08/01

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