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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Psychosis
      Category : Health Centers > Mental Health (Mental Disorders)


Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

Psychosis is a general term which refers to any significant mental disorder that has a physical or emotional source. It is a severe disturbance in which a person is unable to distinguish reality from fantasy.

What is going on in the body?

Psychosis is considered a mental and behavioral disorder. It results in a significant distortion of a person's mental capacity. The person has problems recognizes reality and relating to other people. These distortions are serious enough to interfere with the person's ability to deal with the normal demands of everyday life.

What are the causes and risks of the condition?

Psychotic illnesses can have a physical or emotional cause. The causes include such disorders as:

  • Wernicke-Korsakoff's syndrome, a personality disorder that causes a wide variety of symptoms
  • senile dementia or Alzheimer's disease, which involve memory loss and other changes
  • drug- or alcohol-induced psychosis
  • manic depression
  • severe affective, or mood, disorders
  • schizophrenia


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    Psychosis: Symptoms & Signs

    Author: Ann Reyes, Ph.D.
    Reviewer: Gail Hendrickson, RN, BS
    Date Reviewed: 07/13/01

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