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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Salpingitis
      Category : Health Centers > STDs


Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

Salpingitis is an inflammation of the fallopian tubes, which are long, thin ducts that connect the uterus to the ovaries.

What is going on in the body?

Usually a woman has two fallopian tubes. Their purpose is to carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus, and sperm from the uterus towards the ovary. The inner lining of the fallopian tubes is very delicate and sensitive to any infection. Fluid, pus, or bacteria can easily cause swelling, infection, and damage in them.

The inflammation is called acute when it occurs suddenly. When it lasts for a long period of time, it is called chronic.

What are the causes and risks of the condition?

Often salpingitis is caused by a bacterial or viral infection that rises from the vagina, cervix, or uterus to the fallopian tubes. Possible causes of salpingitis include:

  • pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), or widespread infection in the organs of the pelvis
  • sexually transmitted diseases, often gonorrhea or chlamydia infection
  • medical procedures, such as laparoscopy, insertion of an IUD, biopsy of the lining of the uterus, or a dilatation and curettage (D&C)
  • childbirth, miscarriage, or abortion
  • bacteria that are normally found in the vagina
  • A woman who has sexual intercourse during adolescence, or who has multiple sexual partners, is at a higher risk.


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    Salpingitis: Symptoms & Signs

    Author: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Reviewer: Gail Hendrickson, RN, BS
    Date Reviewed: 07/05/01

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