Alternate Names : Spasmodic Torticollis, Congenital Torticollis, Wry Neck
Torticollis is a deformity of the neck in which the muscles are spastic or shortened. Torticollis occurs in 1 out of 10,000 people. It is more common in women than men.
What is going on in the body?
Torticollis develops most often between the ages of 30 and 60. However, it can occur at any age. The deformity causes a person's head to bend toward the affected side. The chin is rotated toward the opposite side.
What are the causes and risks of the condition?
In some cases torticollis is congenital, meaning that the person is born with the condition. The condition can also be acquired. This form falls into 3 categories:
acute. This is the result of muscle damage caused by inflammation diseases, such as tuberculosis. It can also be brought on by cervical spinal injuries that produce scar tissue.
spasmodic. This is a result of muscle spasms cause by a central nervous disorder.
hysterical. This is due to the inability to control neck muscles that has a basis in psychological causes.