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Alternate Names : Dysmenorrhea. Menstrual cramps are the pain and cramping some women experience during their monthly periods. The term dysmenorrhea usually refers to pain and cramps severe enough to prevent normal activity






You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Injuries and Wounds > Abuse of Spouse OR Partner
      Category : Health Centers > Abuse and Violence

Abuse of Spouse OR Partner

Alternate Names : Domestic Abuse

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

Abuse of spouse or partner occurs when one partner attempts to harm the other in a relationship in which the two people are dating, married, or living together. A recent study of girls in 9th through 12th grade found that one out of five girls was physically and/or sexually abused by a dating partner.

Abuse can take different forms, for example:

  • Emotional abuse. In this type of abuse, the abuser might make angry remarks in private or public that cause the victim to feel worthless and ashamed.
  • Physical abuse. This type of abuse can include hitting, slapping, punching, or beating.
  • Sexual abuse. This type of abuse can mean forcing a partner to have sex against his or her will. It can also include making a partner do sexual acts that he or she finds degrading. Forcing a woman to risk pregnancy or sexually transmitted disease is another form of sexual abuse.
  • What are the causes and risks of the injury?

    Spousal abuse happens to people of all religions, ethnic origins, and income levels. It happens in both man-woman and same-sex relationships. Women are the victims of domestic violence in 9 out of 10 cases, most often when they are between the ages of 19 and 29.

    Recent studies show a man is more likely to abuse his spouse or partner if he has been violent in the past. A partnership also has a higher chance of becoming violent if one or more of the following risk factors are present.

  • At least one partner has committed child abuse before.
  • At least one partner has not finished high school.
  • At least one partner has problems with drug abuse or addiction.
  • At least one partner is a blue-collar worker.
  • At least one partner is between the ages of 18 and 30.
  • At least one partner is unemployed.
  • Each partner has a different religion.
  • The couple lives together but are unmarried.
  • The couple has poor living conditions.
  • The male partner saw his father hit his mother.
  • When two of these factors are present in a relationship, the risk of violence doubles. A couple with seven or more of these risk factors is 40 times more likely to have an abusive relationship.

    Experts know that teens who have been abused are at higher risk for other health problems. However, we do not yet know whether the health problems came before the abuse or if the abuse increased the risk for the health problems. These problems include:

  • teen pregnancy
  • alcohol use, including binge drinking
  • cocaine abuse
  • risky sexual behaviors, including sex before age 15 and with many partners
  • smoking
  • suicidal attempts or thoughts
  • unhealthy weight management, including eating disorders

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    Abuse of Spouse OR Partner: Symptoms & Signs

    Author: Karl M. Jacobs, MD
    Reviewer: Gail Hendrickson, RN, BS
    Date Reviewed: 09/04/01



    Benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH for short, is the enlargement of the prostate gland. It is caused by excess growth of cells in the prostate. This condition is not the same as prostate cancer





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