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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Salt Imbalance: Prevention & Expectations
      Category : Health Centers > Cardiovascular (Circulatory System)

Salt Imbalance

Alternate Names : Sodium Imbalance, Electrolyte Imbalance, Hyponatremia, Hypernatremia

Salt Imbalance | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What can be done to prevent the condition?

A person can take these actions to help prevent salt imbalance:

  • avoid salty foods, salt tablets, or salty liquids, such as sports drinks
  • drink plenty of water during exercise
  • drink plenty of water when taking diuretics
  • keep follow-up appointments with the doctor for chronic disease treatment
  • A person who has the flu and uncontrollable vomiting needs to be monitored carefully. He or she may need to be admitted to a hospital to get fluids to prevent dehydration and salt imbalance.

    What are the long-term effects of the condition?

    The long-term effects of salt imbalance depend on the underlying cause. If the imbalance is caught early and treated, there may be few long-term effects. Severe salt imbalance that is not treated can lead to extreme weakness, confusion, coma, or death.

    What are the risks to others?

    A salt imbalance itself is not catching, although the underlying cause may be. For example, if a person has low sodium due to vomiting and diarrhea caused by the flu, the flu may be catching. If the sodium imbalance is due to a kidney disorder, this is not catching.

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    Salt Imbalance: Diagnosis & Tests


    Salt Imbalance: Treatment & Monitoring

    Author: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Reviewer: Kathleen A. MacNaughton, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 09/09/02

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