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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Salt Imbalance: Treatment & Monitoring
      Category : Health Centers > Cardiovascular (Circulatory System)

Salt Imbalance

Alternate Names : Sodium Imbalance, Electrolyte Imbalance, Hyponatremia, Hypernatremia

Salt Imbalance | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What are the treatments for the condition?

Treatment for sodium imbalance will depend on the underlying cause.

  • If the sodium imbalance is caused by the flu along with vomiting and diarrhea, fluids need to be replaced in the body.
  • The person may need medicine to help decrease the vomiting.
  • Fluids given into the veins can help replace sodium, or in other cases, can help lower sodium levels in the blood.
  • Sodium imbalance due to kidney disease or diabetes can be treated with medicines.
  • Low sodium diets may help prevent high levels of sodium in the blood.
  • Diuretics, also known as water pills, may be given to decrease high sodium levels in the blood.
  • What are the side effects of the treatments?

    Side effects depend on the treatments used, but may include allergic reactions to the medicine and stomach upset.

    What happens after treatment for the condition?

    Hyponatremia that is the result of vomiting and diarrhea caused by the flu may be treated and need no further treatment. On the other hand, a person who has diabetes will need lifelong treatment once the condition is under control. A person with kidney disease may need follow-up treatment and close monitoring of blood levels of sodium and many other electrolytes.

    How is the condition monitored?

    Carefully monitoring of blood levels can help keep a balance between too little and too much sodium in the blood. If the salt imbalance is due to a short-term condition, such as vomiting, no further monitoring may be necessary. If a person is on diuretics or has other long-term conditions, periodic blood tests are needed to check the blood levels of various electrolytes. Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the doctor.

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    Salt Imbalance: Prevention & Expectations


    Author: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Reviewer: Kathleen A. MacNaughton, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 09/09/02

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